Nora is an ancient city dating back to the Nuragic and Punic Ages, the capital of the Noritani population. It is located on the Capo Pula promontory, on Sardinia’s Southern coast west of Cagliari. Nora’s antiquity is testified by the renowned homonymous stele, dating back to the 9th-10th century BC, in which Sardinia’s name is mentioned for the first time: "Shrdn".
This is the most significant monument of the Nuragic civilization in Sardinia. It is located on a small plateau, at the foot of the Giara di Gesturi, in the Marmilla region, and was recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The complex dates back to 1478 BC and its significance derives from the fact that it is formed by several Nuragic towers, a large labyrinthine village with narrow streets and traditional courtyard houses, wells, tanks and huts for village meetings.
Nicknamed “an Island within the Island”, the Parco della Giara is unique both from a morphological point view and in terms of its flora and fauna, which make it a truly magical place; among all of the mammals that live in the Giara, the Wild Horses of the Giara are the most famous, and were introduced to the island in the Nuragic or Punic Age. , a large labyrinthine village with narrow streets and traditional courtyard houses, wells, tanks and huts for village meetings.
A unique sight in the whole of Europe, the Sardinian mines constitute an important historical, architectural and social heritage and represent important examples of industrial archaeology, which are nowadays used as cultural centres. They are particularly widespread throughout the South, with Monteponi, Montevecchio, Galleria Henry and Sebariu being the most renowned ones.
The caves are located on Mount Meana and were formed by dolomite rocks dating back to approximately 530 million years ago. They are made up of different rooms which are chaterized by different concretion: stalactites, stalagmites, flowstones, organ pipes and the rare aragonite eccentrics.