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Cagliari: Capital of the Mediterranean

Cagliari is an ancient city overlooking the Gulf of Angels, founded by the Phoenicians. The political, economic, tourist and cultural capital of Sardinia, the city rises up from seven hills: Castello, San Michele Hill, Bonaria Hill, Monte Urpinu, Monte Claro, Tuvu Mannu and Tuvixeddu.

A capital with a thousand-year-old tradition, Cagliari represents Sardinia’s historical administrative hub, having acted, under the name of Caralis, as capital of the province of Sardinia et Corsica during the Roman domination and as capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 1324 to 1720, and again from 1798 to 1814. Its port is one of the busiest in the Mediterranean thanks to its importance at a national and international level; it is used for commercial, industrial and tourist purposes as well as to provide facilities services to passengers.

Legend has it, according to the Latin writer Solinus, that Caralis was founded by Aristaeus, son of god Apollo and nymph Cyrene, who had traveled to Sardinia from Beotia in the 15th century BC. Aristaeus introduced hunting and agriculture to the island, encouraged the reconciliation of the fighting indigenous populations and founded the city of Cagliari, which he subsequently reigned over. According to certain sources, Aristaeus shared his expedition to Sardinia with Daedalus who, according to ancient Greeks, would be responsible for the creation of the imposing Daedalian structures (Nuraghi) found throughout the island.

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